Shortcut Key Pada Keybord

Ketahui bagaimana papan kekunci (Keybord) menyimpan berbagai jalan pintas untuk menjalan sesuatu tugas dengan lebih cepat dan mudah.





Action Shortcut Keys
Open/Close Developer Tools F12
Resize to 800x600 Ctrl+Shift+1
Resize to 1024x768 Ctrl+Shift+2
Resize to 1280x768 Ctrl+Shift+3
Resize to 1280x1024 Ctrl+Shift+4
Switch to Quirks mode Alt+Q
Switch to Internet Explorer 7 Standards mode Alt+7
Switch to Internet Explorer 8 Standards mode Alt+8
Switch to Internet Explorer 9 Standards mode (Internet Explorer 9 only) Alt+9
Switch to (page default) mode Alt+D
Clear Browser Cache Ctrl+R
Clear Browser Cache for This Domain Ctrl+D
Select Element by Click Ctrl+B
View Class and ID Information Ctrl+I
View DOM (Element+Styles) Ctrl+T
View DOM (Page) (Internet Explorer 8 only) Ctrl+G
Show/Hide Color Picker (Toggle) Ctrl+K
Show/Hide Ruler (Toggle) Ctrl+L
Minimize/Maximize (Toggle) (Internet Explorer 8 only) Ctrl+M
Outline Any Element Ctrl+O
Clear Outlines (Internet Explorer 8 only) Ctrl+Shift+O
Pin/Unpin (Toggle) Ctrl+P
Help (Internet Explorer 9 only) F1

Jump-To Tab Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys can be accessed at any time while the F12 tools are open. For more on using tabs in F12 tools in Introduction to F12 Developer Tools

Action Internet Explorer 8 Shortcut Keys Internet Explorer 9 Shortcut Keys
Select HTML Tab Ctrl+1 Ctrl+1
Select CSS Tab Ctrl+2 Ctrl+2
Select Console Tab (Internet Explorer 9 only) n/a Ctrl+3
Select Script Tab Ctrl+3 Ctrl+4
Select Profiler Tab Ctrl+4 Ctrl+5
Select Network Tab (Internet Explorer 9 only) n/a Ctrl+6

HTML Tab Toolbar Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys can be accessed under the HTML tab. For more on debugging HTML in F12 tools, see Using F12 Developer Tools to Debug HTML and CSS

Action Shortcut Keys
Make value editable F2
Refresh F5
Select Element by Click Ctrl+B
Edit Mode Alt+E
Clear Browser Cache Ctrl+R
Save Ctrl+S
View element source with style Ctrl+T
Add Attribute Ctrl+Plus Sign
Expand all beneath this three node. This only works with the number's keypad symbol keys. Alt+*
Collapse all beneath this three node. This only works with the number's keypad symbol keys. Alt+-

CSS Tab Toolbar Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys can be accessed under the CSS tab. Differences between Internet Explorer 8 and Internet Explorer 9 are noted. For more on debugging CSS in F12 tools, see Using F12 Developer Tools to Debug HTML and CSS.

Action Shortcut Keys
Make value editable F2
Select Element by Click Ctrl+B
File chooser (Internet Explorer 8 only) Ctrl+F
Clear Browser Cache Ctrl+R
Save Ctrl+S
Add CSS property while focus is on a property Ctrl+Plus Sign
Expand all beneath this three node. This only works with the number's keypad symbol keys. Alt+*
Collapse all beneath this three node. This only works with the number's keypad symbol keys. Alt+-
Increment selected value (Internet Explorer 9 only) Up arrow
Decrement selected value (Internet Explorer 9 only) Down arrow

Console Tab Shortcut Keys For Debugger Mode
The following shortcut keys work under the Console tab. This tab is only available in Internet Explorer 9. For more on using the F12 tools Console tab, see How to use F12 Developer Tools to Debug your Webpages.

Action Shortcut Keys
Clear browser cache Ctrl+R
Clear browser cache for this domain Ctrl+D
Run script (Single line mode) Return
Run script (Multi-line mode) Ctrl+Return
Toggle between single and multi-line mode Ctrl+Alt+M

Script Tab Shortcut Keys For Debugger Mode
The following shortcut keys work under the Script tab. To work, script debugging does not have to start for these shortcut keys. However, some debugging features are disabled when debugging is not started, and pressing these shortcut keys will yield no results. For more on using the F12 tools Script tab, see Using the F12 Developer Tools to Debug JavaScript Errors.

Action Shortcut Keys
Start debugging or continue F5
Stop debugging Shift+F5
Step over F10
Step into F11
Step out Shift+F11
Break all Ctrl+Shift+B
Break on Error - toggle on/off Ctrl+Shift+E
Toggle Breakpoints - set/unset F9
Set breakpoint Condition Alt+F9
Enable/Disable breakpoints Ctrl+F9
Delete all breakpoints Ctrl+Shift+F9
Go to Breakpoint window Ctrl+Alt+B
Go to Locals window Ctrl+Alt+L (or V)
Go to Watch window Ctrl+Alt+W
Go to Call Stack window Ctrl+Alt+C
Go to Console window Ctrl+Alt+I
Console - Run script (in single-line mode) Return
Console - Run script (in multi-line mode) Ctrl+Return
Console - toggle between single-line and multi-line mode Ctrl+Alt+M
Go to Script chooser dropdown Ctrl+Alt+N
Next function on Stack Ctrl+Period
Previous function on Stack Ctrl+Comma
Go to specific line number (Internet Explorer 9 only) Ctrl+G

Profiler Tab Toolbar Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys work under the Profiler tab. For more on using the F12 tools Profiler tab, see Using the Profiler Tool to Analyze the Performance of your Code.

Action Shortcut Keys
Start Profiling F5
Stop Profiling Shift+F5

Network Tab Toolbar Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys work under the Network tab. For more on using the F12 tools Network tab, see Using Internet Explorer Developer Tools Network Capture.

Action Shortcut Keys
Start Capturing F5
Stop Capturing Shift+F5

Search Shortcut Keys
The following shortcut keys can be accessed to do Search. For more on using the F12 tools Search, see Introduction to F12 Developer Tools.

Action Shortcut Keys
Move focus to Search Box Ctrl+E
Next match F3
Previous match Shift+F3










Keyboard shortcuts for Windows



Windows system key combinations
F1: Help
CTRL+ESC: Open Start menu
ALT+TAB: Switch between open programs
ALT+F4: Quit program
SHIFT+DELETE: Delete item permanently
Windows Logo+L: Lock the computer (without using CTRL+ALT+DELETE)
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Windows program key combinations
CTRL+C: Copy
CTRL+X: Cut
CTRL+V: Paste
CTRL+Z: Undo
CTRL+B: Bold
CTRL+U: Underline
CTRL+I: Italic
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Mouse click/keyboard modifier combinations for shell objects
SHIFT+right click: Displays a shortcut menu containing alternative commands
SHIFT+double click: Runs the alternate default command (the second item on the menu)
ALT+double click: Displays properties
SHIFT+DELETE: Deletes an item immediately without placing it in the Recycle Bin
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General keyboard-only commands
F1: Starts Windows Help
F10: Activates menu bar options
SHIFT+F10 Opens a shortcut menu for the selected item (this is the same as right-clicking an object
CTRL+ESC: Opens the Start menu (use the ARROW keys to select an item)
CTRL+ESC or ESC: Selects the Start button (press TAB to select the taskbar, or press SHIFT+F10 for a context menu)
CTRL+SHIFT+ESC: Opens Windows Task Manager
ALT+DOWN ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
ALT+TAB: Switch to another running program (hold down the ALT key and then press the TAB key to view the task-switching window)
SHIFT: Press and hold down the SHIFT key while you insert a CD-ROM to bypass the automatic-run feature
ALT+SPACE: Displays the main window's System menu (from the System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the window)
ALT+- (ALT+hyphen): Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu (from the MDI child window's System menu, you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the child window)
CTRL+TAB: Switch to the next child window of a Multiple Document Interface (MDI) program
ALT+underlined letter in menu: Opens the menu
ALT+F4: Closes the current window
CTRL+F4: Closes the current Multiple Document Interface (MDI) window
ALT+F6: Switch between multiple windows in the same program (for example, when the Notepad Find dialog box is displayed, ALT+F6 switches between the Find dialog box and the main Notepad window)
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Shell objects and general folder/Windows Explorer shortcuts
For a selected object:
F2: Rename object
F3: Find all files
CTRL+X: Cut
CTRL+C: Copy
CTRL+V: Paste
SHIFT+DELETE: Delete selection immediately, without moving the item to the Recycle Bin
ALT+ENTER: Open the properties for the selected object
To copy a file
Press and hold down the CTRL key while you drag the file to another folder.
To create a shortcut
Press and hold down CTRL+SHIFT while you drag a file to the desktop or a folder.
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General folder/shortcut control
F4: Selects the Go To A Different Folder box and moves down the entries in the box (if the toolbar is active in Windows Explorer)
F5: Refreshes the current window.
F6: Moves among panes in Windows Explorer
CTRL+G: Opens the Go To Folder tool (in Windows 95 Windows Explorer only)
CTRL+Z: Undo the last command
CTRL+A: Select all the items in the current window
BACKSPACE: Switch to the parent folder
SHIFT+click+Close button: For folders, close the current folder plus all parent folders
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Windows Explorer tree control
Numeric Keypad *: Expands everything under the current selection
Numeric Keypad +: Expands the current selection
Numeric Keypad -: Collapses the current selection.
RIGHT ARROW: Expands the current selection if it is not expanded, otherwise goes to the first child
LEFT ARROW: Collapses the current selection if it is expanded, otherwise goes to the parent
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Properties control
CTRL+TAB/CTRL+SHIFT+TAB: Move through the property tabs
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Accessibility shortcuts
Press SHIFT five times: Toggles StickyKeys on and off
Press down and hold the right SHIFT key for eight seconds: Toggles FilterKeys on and off
Press down and hold the NUM LOCK key for five seconds: Toggles ToggleKeys on and off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK: Toggles MouseKeys on and off
Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off
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Microsoft Natural Keyboard keys
Windows Logo: Start menu
Windows Logo+R: Run dialog box
Windows Logo+M: Minimize all
SHIFT+Windows Logo+M: Undo minimize all
Windows Logo+F1: Help
Windows Logo+E: Windows Explorer
Windows Logo+F: Find files or folders
Windows Logo+D: Minimizes all open windows and displays the desktop
CTRL+Windows Logo+F: Find computer
CTRL+Windows Logo+TAB: Moves focus from Start, to the Quick Launch toolbar, to the system tray (use RIGHT ARROW or LEFT ARROW to move focus to items on the Quick Launch toolbar and the system tray)
Windows Logo+TAB: Cycle through taskbar buttons
Windows Logo+Break: System Properties dialog box
Application key: Displays a shortcut menu for the selected item
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Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType software installed
Windows Logo+L: Log off Windows
Windows Logo+P: Starts Print Manager
Windows Logo+C: Opens Control Panel
Windows Logo+V: Starts Clipboard
Windows Logo+K: Opens Keyboard Properties dialog box
Windows Logo+I: Opens Mouse Properties dialog box
Windows Logo+A: Starts Accessibility Options (if installed)
Windows Logo+SPACEBAR: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys
Windows Logo+S: Toggles CAPS LOCK on and off
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Dialog box keyboard commands
TAB: Move to the next control in the dialog box
SHIFT+TAB: Move to the previous control in the dialog box
SPACEBAR: If the current control is a button, this clicks the button. If the current control is a check box, this toggles the check box. If the current control is an option, this selects the option.
ENTER: Equivalent to clicking the selected button (the button with the outline)
ESC: Equivalent to clicking the Cancel button
ALT+underlined letter in dialog box item: Move to the corresponding item








List of the keyboard shortcuts that are available in Windows XP

General keyboard shortcuts
CTRL+C (Copy)
CTRL+X (Cut)
CTRL+V (Paste)
CTRL+Z (Undo)
DELETE (Delete)
SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)
CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)
CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)
CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)
CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)
CTRL+A (Select all)
F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)
ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)
ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu)
Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
F5 key (Update the active window)
BACKSPACE (View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
ESC (Cancel the current task)
SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)
CTRL+SHIFT+ESC (Open Task Manager)
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Dialog box keyboard shortcuts
If you press SHIFT+F8 in extended selection list boxes, you enable extended selection mode. In this mode, you can use an arrow key to move a cursor without changing the selection. You can press CTRL+SPACEBAR or SHIFT+SPACEBAR to adjust the selection. To cancel extended selection mode, press SHIFT+F8 again. Extended selection mode cancels itself when you move the focus to another control.
CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
TAB (Move forward through the options)
SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
F1 key (Display Help)
F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)
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Microsoft natural keyboard shortcuts
Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)
Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)
Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restore the minimized windows)
Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)
Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)
CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)
Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)
Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)
Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)
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Accessibility keyboard shortcuts
Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)
NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)
Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)
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Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts
END (Display the bottom of the active window)
HOME (Display the top of the active window)
NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)
NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)
RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)
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Shortcut keys for Character Map
After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)
LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)
UP ARROW (Move up one row)
DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)
END (Move to the end of the line)
CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)
CTRL+END (Move to the last character)
SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Normal mode when a character is selected)
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Microsoft Management Console (MMC) main window keyboard shortcuts
CTRL+O (Open a saved console)
CTRL+N (Open a new console)
CTRL+S (Save the open console)
CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)
CTRL+W (Open a new window)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
ALT+F4 (Close the console)
ALT+A (Display the Action menu)
ALT+V (Display the View menu)
ALT+F (Display the File menu)
ALT+O (Display the Favorites menu)
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MMC console window keyboard shortcuts
CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)
ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)
SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)
F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)
CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)
ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)
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Remote desktop connection navigation
CTRL+ALT+END (Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box)
ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)
ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)
CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
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Microsoft Internet Explorer navigation
CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)
CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)
CTRL+H (Open the History bar)
CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar)
CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)
CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)
CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)
CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)
CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)
CTRL+W (Close the current window)